Dear friends! We offer you a walking route through the historical center of Vitebsk. We will begin our walking route on Castle Street , it is considered one of the oldest in the city. Building on the street existed in the XI-XII centuries. We will stop against the Vitebsk Drama Theater, which is located at Zamkova Street No. 2, and we can see the magnificent Millennium Square of the city of Vitebsk. The legend of the 18th century is involuntarily recalled here. “In the summer of 974, Olga, defeating the Yatvingians and the Pechenegs, crossed the Dvina River and spent the night with the army. She liked the mountain, and she founded a wooden castle, calling it Vitbaesk from the Vitba River, built the church of St. Michael, and in the Lower - the Annunciation and, having spent two years, went to Kiev. " An echo of those events that have passed through the centuries before us is a beautiful temple: Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (XII century) with a bell tower . Since ancient times, the Annunciation Church was one of the first and therefore the main and most revered. Residents of Vitebsk, who left the city, took a blessing on the road in this church, and when they returned, they thanked the Mother of God for their help in traveling. Next to the stone Annunciation Church is the wooden church of St. Alexander Nevsky, built in the early 1990s. In June 2016, a monument to Prince Alexander Nevsky, his wife, Vitebsk Princess Alexandra, and their son Vasily was erected on Millennium Square (authors I Cossack, A. Gvozdikov and E. Kolchev). And the theater life of the city is concentrated on the monument, one of the best scenes in Belarus is the Y. Kolas National Academic Drama Theater, whose team is a laureate of many international festivals.
From the Millennium Square, the streets of Zamkovaya, Kalinin and Pushkin begin. Along Zamkova Street, past the department store building, we head to Freedom Square.
On one side of Freedom Square, the tower of the Lower Castle, reconstructed already in the 21st century, rises "Dukhovskaya round ". And in the lowland behind it - the famous Summer Amphitheater , the venue of the international art festival "Slavic Bazaar in Vitebsk", which collects thousands every summer guests and participants. In old Vitebsk, Freedom Square was called Cathedral. And just a few tens of meters from Cathedral Square, separated only by a bridge over the Vitbu River, there was another square - Voskresenskaya with its own special architectural ensemble.
The ensemble of Voskresenskaya Square is composed of two main dominants: the town hall building in the center, to the left of it was the Resurrection Church. Town Hall for any European city is primarily a symbol of independence. The town hall could only be built by residents of those cities that received the right to self-government from the monarch - the so-called Magdeburg Law. Now the building is the Vitebsk Regional Museum of Local Lore, the funds of which are stored more than 200 thousand exhibits.
South of the Town Hall, there is a high Holy Resurrection Church . This is a newly-made Orthodox church, erected in 2009 on the spot where the church of the XVIII century stood, blown up to the base in 1936. The architectural style used by the builders of this beautiful, slender church is Vilnius baroque.
Next, we head along Leo Tolstoy Street and, at the confluence of two Vitba rivers in the Western Dvina, there is an Orthodox Women's Holy Spirit Monastery . It was founded at the end of the 14th century by the wife of the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Olgerd, Grand Duchess Juliania Alexandrovna, who became a monk here and was buried inside the monastery walls. In 2001, the monastery was restored. Having returned a little back you can go to the pedestrian Pushkin bridge, and in front of the bridge we see the monument to A.S. Pushkin . In those days, a postal station was located in this part of Vitebsk, where the exiled poet changed horses. Every year, on the poet’s birthday, a festival takes place in the city called “Pushkin Holiday in Vitebsk”. Behind the monument begins Pushkin Street, it houses the Lyalka Theater, it delights children and adults with one of the best puppet theaters in Europe, a multiple winner of international festivals. On the contrary, the entrance to the theater is a sculpture of Old Man Hottabych . The monument to the fairy-tale hero was not accidentally placed in Vitebsk. It was here that in 1903 Lazarus Ginzburg was born, who wrote the fairy tale “Old Man Hottabych”. We cross the Pushkin bridge, an arched structure through Vitba was built in 1961. It has become a tradition among citizens during weddings to hang symbolic locks on this bridge, the keys to which are thrown into the river. Next, we see a high staircase with granite cladding leading to the site in front of the Assumption Cathedral. Do not be afraid of its steepness and many steps - climbing them is quite easy and not tiring at all. We will rise and up to the old Assumption Mountain. Well, here we are already above. See what a beautiful panorama of old Vitebsk opens from here! The water surface of the Western Dvina, which carries its waters to the Baltic Sea, also attracts our eyes. From the middle of the 18th century, the majestic Holy Assumption Cathedral , built in the traditions of the late Baroque, rises. For several centuries this temple was the hallmark of Vitebsk. All the ups and downs of the history of the difficult XX century were reflected in his fate: in 1937 the cathedral was blown up, the factory building was built in its place, and in 1998 the restoration of the shrine began. Today, the temple returned from oblivion again serves as an adornment of ancient Vitebsk.
The street going from the Assumption Cathedral was once called Cathedral, and now bears the name of Commissioner Krylov. This small street has completely preserved its old buildings. At the address of Commissar Krylov, the building is located at the building of the Vitebsk Theological Seminary and with her the Church of the Holy Apostles Cyril and Methodius .
To continue our journey we will have to go along Commissioner Krylov’s street and go to the “Town Hall” stop and take bus number 46 and get off at the stops of V.I. Lenin Library, then along following the bus, we are heading to Victory Square . On this square there is a memorial complex “To the Liberators of Vitebsk - Soviet Soldiers, Partisans and Underground Workers” was created in 1974 in honor of the 30th anniversary of the liberation of Vitebsk from Nazi invaders. Also in the surrounding area is a museum of military equipment in the open. Further, to continue our route, we will have to return to the stop named after V.I. Lenin Library, cross the road, and we can see the Holy Protection Cathedral the cathedral has a three-part type. This is a type of Orthodox church, which is characterized by the presence of 3 elements: a bell tower, a refectory, a temple. Our acquaintance with the sights of the city ends.
Thus, completing the proposed route, you will get acquainted with the most famous sights of the city of Vitebsk, immerse yourself in its rich cultural life, learn its glorious history.