Right next to the Sofia Cathedral, on Kremlin Square, there is one significant place - the monument "The Millennium of Russia". He was designed by 25-year-old Mikhail Osipovich Mikeshin, a young artist, for whom this work was the first and glorified his talent. The opening of the monument took place on September 8, 1862. This year was to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of Russia, the monument to the “Millennium of Russia” was decided to be installed in Novgorod. Thus, the key role of the city in the creation of the Russian state was recognized and emphasized. Emperor Alexander II himself came to the opening with his heir and members of the Imperial House. Then for several days Novgorod again became the center of the political life of Russia, its capital.
They say that the builders were in a hurry and completely forgotten in the middle of the XIX century about the stairs inside the monument. In the 1990s, her remains were found in this small room.
A monument impresses with its scale and detail. Its height (more than 15 meters) and the scale of the forms made it possible to sustain the neighborhood with ancient and more modern architectural structures. It consists of a giant sphere-power on a bell-shaped pedestal. The silhouette of the monument is associated with two important symbols of Russian and Novgorod history - an attribute of royal power with a Monomakh hat and a veche bell. This decision is still recognized as successful by all without exception. The second level consists of six groups, each of which represents one of the stages of the development of Russian statehood: from the epoch of Rurik on the southern side, to the epoch of Peter I - on the northern side.
The tape of the high relief, going in a circle below, contains the whole history of Russia. 109 frieze figures were approved by the sovereign.
The fate of the “Monument to the Millennium of the Russian Statehood” is significant. During the Second World War, when Novgorod was occupied by the Nazi invaders, a narrow-gauge railway was laid in the destroyed Kremlin, and the dismantled figures and reliefs of the monument began to be prepared for shipment to Germany. Soviet soldiers who entered the Kremlin discovered fragments of the monument that were half covered with snow. On November 7, 1944, after restoration, the monument was reopened.
And today it is impressive and leaves no one indifferent. And the more you look, the more you delve into the greatness of our history.